Abstract:The main purpose of this study was to investigate gender differences as for predictors of entrepreneurial intention among students in Iranian higher entrepreneurship education system. A survey of all students in entrepreneurship faculty of Tehran University was carried out (N = 211). 136 students were selected for the study using a stratified random sampling method. The result showed there were a significant positive relationship between entrepreneurial intentions of male students and their attitudes towards entrepreneurship, social norms and self-efficacy beliefs. While among the female students, attitudes towards entrepreneurship and self-belief had a significant positive relationship with entrepreneurial intentions. The results of the analysis showed students \'self-efficacy beliefs in male and female students\' attitudes toward entrepreneurship had the most direct and significant impact on their entrepreneurial intentions. Also, comparing the results suggested significant impact of gender on attitudes towards entrepreneurship; social norms and self-efficacy beliefs of students. The results of this study can have implications for higher education planners dealing with entrepreneurship to enhance students\' entrepreneurial intentions and behavior and reduce the gender gap in their entrepreneurial activities in the future.
Abstract:A total of 32 emergency cases of buffaloes with esophageal obstruction resulting from\nthe devouring of potato tubers during their grazing. Treatment comprised immediate\nrumen trocarisation by a 14 g. syringe’s needle, premedication with IM xylazine (0.05\nmg/kg) and passing a designed stout flexible tube to dislodge the obstruction to the\nrumen. The results was 100% successful recovery without any complications.
Abstract:The global 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic has spread over The whole planet within months. Social and economic life in many countries is badly disrupted as a result of this major epidemic. As well as the environmental risk is rise Because of personal protective equipment (PPE) such as the Medical Face Safety Masks (MFSM). As well as, careful hand washing and physical space between personals and to avoid transmission of COVID-19, the wearing of medical face masks is advised. . Under conditions of extreme lack of availability of surgical masks, for the general population the only use of clothes masks is recommended . Both patients and healthcare personnel wear disposable surgical face masks to reduce the incidence of coronaviruses . Coronaviruses diseases result in a rise in medical care costs. The consistency of surgical face masks is therefore important and is defined by the regular testing mechanism established by standards such as ASTM and European standards. With a durability of over 50 cycles, disposable surgical masks may be sterilized and washed for reuse. . However, reuse surgical masks have much less safety quality relative to new mask. . If the frequency of washing cycles is increased, the quality of safety for recycled ones is diminished. Repeated washing of recycled medical face masks will also use more resources and supply the environment with more polluted water. Polypropylene is used as the raw material for medical face safety masks production . It has several advances such as water and moisture barrier, can produced in fabric form so it breathable and flexible beside is lightweight and non-toxic. Polypropylene is used to a non-woven fabrics and fishing nets manufacture due to is can float in the surface of seawater . Conservationists since discovering disposable masks floating like jellyfish. Dynamics of waste generation and hence special attention has been needed. The unforeseen variations in the composition and quantity of waste often require policymakers to react dynamically. During an epidemic of COVID-19, several kinds of medical and toxic materials are created, including contaminated masks for faces , gloves for hand and other safety clothing, along with a higher amount of infected products of the patients food baggage. There has been a high increase in demand for goggles , gloves, hand sanitizers, and other important items since the news of human coronavirus transmission reached the press. A need of 89 million surgical masks and 76 million hand gloves for the COVID-19 produced every month was calculated by the WHO modelling, although international demand for eye protector is 1.6 million per month . This research highlights the problems encountered since the pandemic by the solid waste management industry and the underlying possibility of filling current loopholes in the system. Due to increasing hygiene issues , especially for items used for personal safety and medical purposes, single-use plastic item is expected to bounce back. Leading to enhanced conscious purchasing of high non-perishable goods during lockdown and attributable to food scarcity issues, household food waste production is anticipated to decrease. The report also suggests several key guidelines for policymakers to better holistically manage potential future pandemics, if any.
Abstract:Hands-on exercises and computer visualization programming provide a fertile field for enabling engineering students to understand the wealth of underwater industry and equip them with the related knowledge, skills, and abilities needed to work in them. To this end, Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) serves as a valuable tool in assisting students in Engineering, Technology, and Science to understand the manufacturing assembly design process. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the challenges and obstacles of the manufacturing assembly design of the ROV. In doing so, the paper aims to enhance students’ understanding of the underwater ROV manufacturing assembly process. Another goal of this paper is to assist students to participate and compete in the upcoming Marine Advanced Technology Education (MATE) annual competition. The paper will test the impact of these experimentations to the knowledge base about engineering manufacturing courses for College of Engineering at University of Hail (UoH).
Abstract:In the present study, Human-Water Harmony Index (HWHI) was developed to evaluate the human-water relationship. HWHI model considers 22 basic indicators from three dimensions, water system (WS), human system (HS) and human water coordination system (CS). The developed model was then applied for the evaluation of human-water harmony status in five fast-developing cities, that are three in Pakistan - Karachi, Lahore, Faisalabad, and two in China - Nanjing and Zhang-YE. The result showed that the selected cities are confronting with human-water harmony challenges of varying degrees in different dimensions. Nanjing provides the best harmony status between human and water followed by Lahore, Zhang-Ye, Faisalabad and Karachi. The HWHI model provides the weaknesses and strengths of cities in specific sectors. Therefore, the development of HWHI will be helpful for the decision makers to devise strategies and policies to build the harmonious human-water harmony relationship. The approach presented in this study can be applied in other cities or regions round the World to evolve improved water management strategies for future sustainable development.
Abstract:Making use of hermeneutic phenomenology and morality critique as methodological navigation points, this paper challenges the illusory prestige and power of normative orders in presenting themselves to every successive generation as the best possible likenesses of and most believable blueprint(s) for eudaimonia (the good life). By implication, it also challenges the education systems that are designed to keep these normative orders alive. It is suggested that what education needs is not morals and ethics, but a pedagogy of discernment that will teach pupils to keep their eyes open and to recognise the tragic truth that normative systems maintain themselves at the cost of wiping out the ontic truth of singularisation, mortality, as well as the ultimate non-normalisability of the human condition, namely that although we are capable of immense love and sensitivity, we are also capable of greed, hatred, brutality, rape, murder and war.
Abstract:This paper reports on two historically disadvantaged South African schools who managed to overcome the perennial problem of the achievement gap (as measured by matric results) between the historically advantaged and the historically disadvantaged schools. A qualitative, narrative research design, entailing interviews for exploring and studying the view of the students, were used. From the data analysis the following themes emerged as sets of factors that, in the opinion of the learners, had contributed to the two schools’ bridging of the achievement gap: a supportive teaching and learning environment, teacher effectiveness, collaborative relationships, positive school climate and principals’ instructional leadership. These factors are discussed, and are compared/contrasted to and synthesised into what appears in the scholarly literature as factors explaining achievement differentials between different students and different schools. This research cautions educational leaders and scholars not to attach too much value to theories such as socio-economic and cultural reproduction in as far as they portray the socio-economic descent of learners as deterministic with respect to their achievement levels at school. Rather than such a fatalistic view, this study tends to support the more voluntaristic view that intra-school factors are significant, and can potentially overcome extra-school factors.
Abstract:La investigación científica está dedicada, regularmente, a resolver problemas de las industrias; pero dentro de los confines de una sola disciplina. Esta característica reduce la visión y valoración de los impactos tecnocientíficos en sociedad y ecosistemas. Sin embargo, la crisis socioecológica ha catalizado una tendencia de investigación llamada transdisciplina, un proceso de solución para la complejidad, generalmente, relacionada con la incertidumbre, la inseguridad y la ausencia de protección. Este documento reflexiona sobre la trascendencia de hibridar las fronteras disciplinarias a través del diálogo donde estén incluidos los saberes tradicionales en la generación de alternativas.
Abstract:Synthesis of 1-(3-phenylpropyl)pyridazin-1-ium bromide 2, a novel ionic liquid (IL), was achieved using an efficient, green ultrasound-assisted process. The structure was characterized by FT-IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR, and mass spectrometry. The cyclic voltammetric behavior of this new ionic liquid 2 (5×10-5 mol L-1 and 50 mV/s scan rate) was investigated in Britton-Robinson (B-R), acetate and phosphate buffers at pH 3. A broad cathodic cyclic voltammetric peak at E1/2= −780 mV was recorded using hanging mercury drop, glassy carbon and graphite electrodes vs. Ag/AgCl reference electrode. Electrochemical reduction of the analyte was irreversible and diffusion-controlled. High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) of 2 was investigated using a C-18 (5 µm) column for separation from interferences. A mobile phase containing methanol: acetonitrile: phosphate buffer at pH 3 (30:30:40 v/v/v%) was used, and elution of 2 was monitored with UV detection at 254 nm. The retention time of this compound was recorded to be 2.152 min.
Abstract:Resumen\nLa gestión y participación de cada uno de los mexicanos en lo que respecta a mantener el equilibrio en estilo de vida y salud, se constituye en derechos y obligaciones para el binomio gobierno–ciudadano, es decir, desde la corresponsabilidad, ambos con la obligación de hacer por la salud, por lo que el objetivo del presente ensayo se centró en incursionar en la generación de conocimiento respecto a gestión en salud a partir de una revisión bibliográfica con énfasis en las funciones esenciales de la salud pública, para proponer estrategias orientadas a mejorar en estilos y calidad de vida, y de ahí en el estado de salud de la población. Las instituciones de gobierno requieren estimular mediante la gestión de calidad de sus servicios de salud, en corresponsabilidad del esfuerzo compartido con la participación comunitaria con énfasis en la transformación de los estilos de vida, por lo que, personas con estilo de vida deficiente representan en sí un reto social compartido.